How to Make a Sales Pitch in 7 Steps + Examples
This article is part of a larger series on Sales Management.
A sales pitch is a brief explanation or conversation used to get a potential customer interested in your products and services. These “propositions” help businesses generate qualified leads by carefully gauging interest while articulating a clear value with a call to action that moves a lead to the next stages of the buying process. In this article, we explore the seven steps of learning how to make a sales pitch and offer examples to help you create your own.
Components of a Sales Pitch
There are three main parts in making a sales pitch that work holistically with one another moving a lead through the sales journey. These must work in unison to build rapport with the prospect, help them understand what you offer, and lay out the next steps to move forward. The three components of a sales pitch include:
- Introduction: The act of easing a lead or potential customer into the value proposition through probing questions, acknowledgments, or any other methods of sparking a conversation
- Value proposition (body): The “meat” of the sales pitch, where you explain how your products or services add value to your target market
- Call to action (closing): The shift to get the lead to move to the next step of the sales process, such as purchasing a product or agreeing to a conference call
While the way your sales pitch is delivered will vary depending on whether you’re speaking in person, via email, phone, or video conferencing, the intro-to-body-to-closing structure remains consistent. Here’s how to make a sales pitch in seven steps:
1. Define Your Unique Selling Proposition
Your sales pitch must articulate how your product or service adds value to your customers and how it’s unique from your competitors—thus defining your unique selling proposition (USP).
A USP answers the question “why choose us?” Focus on a product or service feature that stands out over other providers, such as lower prices, premium quality, better customer service, or a favorable aspect of the user or customer experience, such as product ease of use.
For example, an HR management consulting firm offers free consultations and a guided experience with their clients where they are with them every step of the way. This would contrast with other HR consulting firms that don’t offer the same services but instead only provide advice rather than help to implement the solutions. These unique attributes need to be understood before you can incorporate them into a pitch.
2. Understand Your Ideal Market
Next, narrow in on who will get the most value out of your offerings. You may have a specific niche market, such as only small IT management companies or broader customer groups such as nonprofits. Having an ideal market in your pitch makes it more relatable to the person listening to it.
For example, imagine you own an accounting firm. A sales rep from a staffing service approaches you about how they can help you find temporary help during the busy “tax season” as well as permanent employees. This service provider staff in several verticals, including IT engineers, security analysts, sales reps, administrative staff, and software developers—showing you they’re a generic staffing firm.
Another sales rep tells you the exact same thing except that they only work with accounting and tax preparation firms. Odds are, you assume they know more about your needs and have more qualified candidates because they only work in that market. This same approach should be used in your small business.
Whether you know your niche already or are looking into targeting a specific market group, below are some factors (and examples) that can condense your market, allowing you to specialize your offer and tailor your marketing to your specific customer profile:
- Gender: E.g., only targeting women customers
- Age: E.g., only targeting customers aged 25 to 30
- Industry or vertical: E.g., only targeting IT businesses or government contractors
- Organization size: E.g., only targeting firms with 10 to 30 employees or under $1,000,000 revenue
- Geography: E.g., only targeting customers or businesses within 20 miles
- Interests: E.g., only targeting customers who love sports
- Lifestyles: E.g., only targeting moms or others who travel frequently
Pro tip: Customer relationship management (CRM) software is an excellent way to organize your lead data and sort target audiences using tagging features. Zoho CRM, for example, lets you assign labels to leads and contacts based on where they came from, their customer profile, or market segment. Users can then view this information directly in an individual lead record or filter a lead list based on the specific tag.
3. Craft Your Value Proposition
We recommend crafting your body before your introduction. This is because your introduction can come in many forms—which we’ll discuss later, but the body and value proposition will be the same across the board.
Once you have your USP and ideal market, combine those into a value proposition, which will be the body of your sales pitch. Below are B2B and B2C examples of value propositions for your reference.
In this example, the ideal market is “small businesses” and the USP is a great customer experience through “customized tax preparation and tax planning services.”
This example targets “parents in the D.C. area” and has a USP focusing on high-quality concierge services through “thousands of partnerships” and “in-depth quality screening process.”
4. Define Your Sales Pitch Objectives
Just expressing your unique value proposition without context or next steps isn’t a complete sales pitch. Start with a way in and have an exit or next step strategy in mind—both of which require you to understand the objectives of your sales pitch.
Lead generation is the main purpose of explaining the value you offer to your prospects. Therefore, the steps taken after will be based on how your unique sales process is constructed and will likely be one of the following:
- Scheduling an introduction appointment, sales presentation, or product demonstration
- Getting the lead to make a purchase decision or sign a contract
- Convincing the lead to agree on letting you send them additional information or marketing materials
- Getting the lead to move to a required next step such as underwriting them, evaluating them for a quote, or agreeing to a free audit or evaluation
Pro tip: Every business’ sales pipeline is unique to what they sell and how their sales operation works. A CRM is a great tool for managing and monitoring your leads throughout the sales pipeline. HubSpot is a popular CRM that lets businesses customize their sales pipeline and monitor deals or lead progress. Users have the ability to view their conversions on a Kanban chart and track performance using built-in reporting tools.
5. Ease Into Your Pitch
This step provides context to lead you into the sales pitch through probing questions or engaging with the lead by citing relevant news or a connection you have with them. For instance, you were at a networking event talking to a decision-maker who is part of your target market. After a little small talk, you might ease them into your pitch by talking about a news story that’s affecting their industry to see how it’s impacted them.
The relevant story could spark them to list some of the problems they have, which you can acknowledge in your sales pitch. The other route you could take is asking probing questions to segue into your offerings. For example, when selling business insurance, you might start by asking “when was the last time you had your coverage reviewed?” If they answer that it’s been a few years, you have the perfect launch pad to go into the “body.”
The whole point of an introduction, whether in person, phone, or through email, is to prevent you from going right into a pitch without contextual information or building rapport first. Since many sales pitches are done through email, check out our effective email introduction templates to guide you through various email introduction scenarios.
6. Prepare Your Call-to-action Request
The final part of a full sales pitch is to get the lead to take action. This step is still used even if the prospect expressed disinterest. For example, if you gave your pitch and the lead said “I’m not interested at this time,” your call-to-action request should be something like “No worries, I’ll follow up in four months and see if anything has changed.”
The key to a strong call to action (CTA), whether it’s during a conversation or through email, is to provide a clear next step, making it easy for them to take that step. Many CTAs might go with something along the lines of “I’d love to schedule a call and learn more about your business to see if we could be a good fit.” After that statement, they could click a link to schedule an appointment or coordinate to find a time that works.
If you are pitching in person, you might collect a business card from the lead and tell them you’ll send an email to get an event scheduled. The point of the call-to-action request is to have the lead fulfill your sales objective. While most scenarios involve scheduling a sales presentation or demo, you could also have them agree to receive additional marketing materials or let you audit or underwrite them for a quote.
Below is a template you can use to initiate your call to action:
Pro tip: Scheduling automation tools like Calendly make it virtually seamless to initiate a call to action and get the lead to fulfill the request. Calendly lets you configure a scheduling system based on calendar parameters and communication channel preferences. Users can then send their personalized scheduling link to a lead as an email link or button in their email signature where they can find a time that works and have the event synced to their calendar.
7. Modify Your Pitch for the Proper Channel
As part of a robust sales training, teach your sales reps how to formulate a sales pitch, but also how to tailor it to the proper channel. Conducting this activity in an email is much different than during in-person conversations, phone calls, or video conferencing calls. In an email, for instance, you would start with introducing yourself briefly within your introduction.
Hi [lead name],
My name is Joe Mozeyko, an account executive at ABC Corp. I’m reaching out in regard to the recent regulatory change for financial institutions such as [their organization name]. As you may or may not know, the new regulations require [industry] businesses to [regulation requirements]. With that said, we may be able to help.
[Body of sales pitch]
If you were in person or on the phone, your pitch would be more conversational, with more questions and back-and-forth. Additionally, these channels assume you introduced yourself personally already.
[After small talk or personally introducing yourself]
So what impacts have the new regulations had on your business thus far?
Have you been finding anything particularly difficult about them? Maybe something you would prioritize finding a solution for?
Those are some excellent insights. I guess that is a good segue into what we do. [Enter body of pitch.]
The body can often be virtually identical across all channels while the introduction and closing need tailor-fitting for the channel you’re using. Below are closing and call-to-action examples applicable to an email and in-person or call channel.
A solid sales pitch is one of the most important ingredients to generating leads or gauging their interest. Sales management personnel and business owners must carefully craft the messaging for easing a prospect into the pitch, explaining the unique value they offer, and laying out the next steps of the process. Once the messaging is set, it needs to be tailored properly to fit any communication channels used during sales activities.